Millennia: 11th millennium BC · 10th millennium BC · 9th millennium BC
Centuries: 100th century BC · 99th century BC · 98th century BC · 97th century BC · 96th century BC · 95th century BC · 94th century BC · 93rd century BC · 92nd century BC · 91st century BC

The 10th millennium BC marks the beginning of the Mesolithic and Epipaleolithic period, which is the first part of the Holocene epoch. Agriculture, based on the cultivation of primitive forms of millet and rice, occurred in Southwest Asia.[1] Although agriculture was being developed in the Turkish Highlands and the Fertile Crescent, it would not be widely practised for another 2,000 years..

The world population was likely below 5 million people, most of whom were hunter-gatherer communities scattered over all continents except Antarctica. The Würm glaciation ended, and the beginning interglacial, which endures to this day, allowed the re-settlement of northern regions. The most recent glacial ended circa 10,000 BC, and the world entered a period of global warming.


Template:Stone Age

Old World


Environmental changes

Template:Quaternary Circa 10,000 BC:

Circa 9700 BC: Lake Agassiz forms.

Circa 9600 BC: Younger Dryas cold period ends. Pleistocene ends and Holocene begins. Paleolithic ends and Mesolithic begins. Large amounts of previously glaciated land become habitable again.

Circa 9500 BC: Ancylus Lake, part of the modern-day Baltic Sea, forms.

In popular culture


  1. 1.0 1.1 Roberts (1994)
  2. Kislev et al. (2006a, b), Lev-Yadun et al. (2006)


bar:10. Joatausend v. Chr.

br:Xvet milved kt JK bg:10 хилядолетие пр.н.е. ca:Mil·lenni X aC cs:10. tisíciletí př. n. l. da:10. årtusinde a. 10. milurtekoako:기원전 9000년기 io:9001-10 000 aKka:ძვ. წ. X ათასწლეული hu:I. e. 10. évezred mr:इ.स.पू.चे १० वे सहस्रक ms:Milenium ke-10 SMja:紀元前10千年紀以前 no:10. årtusenécimo milénio a.C. ru:X тысячелетие до н. э. sah:10 б. э. инн. тыһыынча сыл sl:10. tisočletje pr. n. št. sr:10. миленијум п. н. е. sh:10. milenijum pne. fi:9000-vuosituhat eaa. sv:9000-talet f.Kr. (millennium) ta:கிமு 10வது ஆயிரவாண்டு ur:9000مقم

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.