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Ṣaḍāyatana

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<tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Pali :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">saḷāyatana</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Sanskrit :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">ṣaḍāyatana</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Chinese :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">六入, 六処 (liùrù)</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Vietnamese:</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">六入, 六処 (lục căn)</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Japanese :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">六入, 六処 (rokunyū, rokusho)</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> Tibetan :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">skye.mched</td></tr><tr><td align=left style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple"> English :</td><td align=center style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom:1px solid #af4630; color:purple">six sense bases or spheres</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" align=center style="background:#FFD068; color:DarkBlue"></table>
Translations of
Saḷāyatana</td>
  The 12 Nidānas:  
Ignorance
Formations
Consciousness
Mind & Body
Six Sense Bases
Contact
Feeling
Craving
Clinging
Becoming
Birth
Old Age & Death
 

Ṣaḍāyatana (Sanskrit) or Saḷāyatana (Pāli) means the six sense bases (Pāli, Skt.: āyatana), that is, the sense organs and their objects.[1] These are:

  1. Eye and Vision
  2. Ear and Hearing
  3. Nose and Olfaction
  4. Tongue and Taste
  5. Skin and Touch
  6. Mind and Thought

In Buddhism there are considered to be six senses: mind (Skt., manas; Pali, mano) is considered an organ of perception and thought (along with memory and emotion) (Skt., dharma; Pali, dhamma) its perceived object.

Related Buddhist concepts

Ṣaḍāyatana is the fifth link in the Twelve Nidānas of Pratitya-Samutpada (Dependent Origination) and thus likewise in the fifth position on the Bhavacakra (Wheel of Becoming). Ṣaḍāyatana (Sense Gates) is dependent on Nāmarūpa (Name and Form) as condition before it can exist.

"With Name and Form as condition, Sense Gates arise".

Ṣaḍāyatana is also the prevailing condition for the next condition in the chain, Contact (Sparśa).

"With|Sense Gates as condition, Contact arises".

See also

Notes

  1. In the context of the Samyutta Nikaya's chapter entitled Saḷāytana-saṃyutta, Bodhi (2000), defines "saḷāyatana" as simply "six sense bases" (p. 2024) or, implicitly, "the six internal and external sense bases" (p. 1121). Primarily in the context of Conditioned Arising, Kohn (1991), p. 192, defines "Shadāyatana" as "roughly 'six bases or realms'; term referring to the six objects of the sense organs...." Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 699, defines "Saḷāyatana" as "the six organs of sense and the six objects."

Bibliography

  • Bodhi, Bhikkhu (trans.) (2000). The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Samyutta Nikaya. (Part IV is "The Book of the Six Sense Bases (Salayatanavagga)".) Boston: Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86171-331-1.
  • Kohn, Michael H. (trans.) (1991). The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen. Boston:Shambhala. ISBN 0-87773-520-4.


Preceded by
Nāmarūpa
Twelve Nidānas
Ṣaḍāyatana
Succeeded by
Sparśa


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